People do not usually pay attention to dryness and skin redness in winter, considering it to be due to seasonal changes. However, dry scaly skin can have various causes other than a mere effect of winter. Eczema is one of the long-term skin conditions that is characterized by itchiness, redness, and scaly skin. It is a common skin condition that is at times misinterpreted with other skin conditions. Various Clinical Research Organizations in the US are working to find a potential treatment option for Eczema.
In this blog, we will be discussing the etiology of eczema, its symptoms, its types, and how it affects adults and children.
What Happens in Eczema Flare-ups?
Eczema flare-ups occur as a result of overactivity of the immune system. Whenever a foreign body attacks the body, the immune system reacts. The skin barrier is damaged in eczema, making the skin more sensitive to irritants, etc.
Prevalence of Eczema
As per statistics, 31.5 million people are affected by Eczema. Some people have a severe form of Eczema. It is estimated that around 1 in 10 people would have eczema once in their lifetime.
Site of Lesion
The most common site of Eczema is in the regions where the skin flexes. It involves the knees, elbows, and neck area. It is a common skin condition in young children but can occur at any age. Around 9.6 million children in the US have Eczema.
Symptoms of Eczema:
- Dry cracked skin,
- Raised bumps,
- Rash or swollen skin,
- Sensitive skin from scratching,
- Thickened skin,
- Darkening of skin especially around the eyes, and
- Crusting and oozing.
What Are Other Types Of Eczema?
It is one of the most prevalent forms of Eczema beginning in infancy. The flare-ups however ankara escort less severe with age.
It is more prevalent in females and causes blisters on the hands and feet. The blisters are painful and make the skin scaly, and flaky.
It causes the skin to be itchy, scaly, and thick due to a reaction to substances. the skin ankara escorts red, hyperpigmented, and stings.
This type of eczema causes thick, scaly patches on the skin due to stress or any other trigger which is not yet identified by the doctors.
Majorly affects the scalp causing inflamed skin and dandruff.
It happens when the fluid leaks out of the weakened veins. The fluid causes swelling, redness, and pain.
This type of eczema causes small red lumps and bumps on the skin that is also bakırköy escort as papules, which can be itchy and sometimes resemble acne.
How Is Eczema in Adults Different From Children?
Eczema is different in adults and children. Certain striking features can help in distinguishing. Eczema in adults makes the skin extremely dry and scaly. If eczema persists for a long time, it results in the thickening of the skin and color changes. Adults have eczema around their eyes mostly.
How Is Eczema In Adults Similar To Children?
While Eczema changes its shape as people age there are many similarities between eczema in children and adults. These include:
- Skin infection,
- Depression and anxiety,
- Asthma, hay fever, allergies, and
- Lower quality of life.
Diagnosis of Eczema
A thorough examination is important to diagnose Eczema in adults as it can often be misinterpreted for any other skin condition. Additionally, your physician may also ask you about your symptoms which can help in achieving a definite diagnosis. Some of the questions that can be asked by your physician include:
- Family history of eczema or allergies,
- Skincare regime and routine, and
To rule out other skin conditions, your doctor may also carry out a biopsy in which a small piece of skin is scraped.
What Are The Available Treatment Options?
Treatment of Eczema is a mixture of lifestyle modifications, medications, and alternative treatments.
Stress and other environmental factors can majorly contribute to causing eczema flare-ups. Stress management is vital in toning down your Eczema flare-ups. Some of the ways that can help in managing stress include:
- Deep breathing exercises,
- Nature walks,
- Avoid caffeine,
- Avoid daytime naps,
- Keep the temperatures low,
- Wear soft clothing like silk,
- Practice mindfulness, and
- Proper sleep routine.
In addition to managing stress, you adana escort also focus on managing environmental factors. Using soaps and skincare products without fragrances or chemicals can help you effectively alleviate flare-ups. Moreover, applying moisturizer to the affected skin can help you in eskişehir escort your skin healthy.
For managing mild Eczema, over-the-counter treatment options are available that are effective. Other oral medications that your doctor may prescribe are:
To alleviate swelling, inflammation, and itchiness, these are prescribed.
in case of severe Eczema, when no other treatment works, your doctor may prescribe immunosuppressants. These medications help to stop the immune system from overreacting. Since Eczema has an autoimmune origin, immunosuppressants may be the right choice.
These medications are made from living organisms. If Eczema does not get better with topical treatments, you may be prescribed a biologic. Biologics work by restricting a specific part of the immune system’s response, interleukin (a chemical messenger) that causes inflammation.
Natural remedies are thought to be effective in treating various conditions. Similarly, eczema is also considered one of tsot skin conditions that can be managed by natural remedies. However, it is essential to keep your doctor in the loop while using herbal treatments.
Alternative treatments may include:
- Green or black tea
What’s The Outlook For People With Eczema?
Although Eczema is a chronic skin condition, it is still treatable. With lifestyle modifications, stress management, sticking to a good skincare regime, and religiously following your doctor’s prescription, you can easily stave off eczema flare-ups.
Mental Health Of People With Eczema
Be it adults or children, Eczema can cause a significant negative impact on one’s mental health. People with eczema are usually at an increased risk of depression and anxiety. Kids are more likely to experience bullying and social isolation because of the stigma associated with skin conditions. Similarly, many adults also encounter negative remarks in their workplace, which ultimately causes social anxiety and social isolation.
It is human nature to communicate with like-minded people or people facing similar situations as you. Therefore, finding and connecting with people with Eczema can help in relieving stress, knowing their struggles and stories, and talking about yours can greatly help you in finding peace.
Although Eczema is a crippling condition, it can be managed with appropriate treatment. It is very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle which includes exercise, having a healthy diet, and managing stress. However, if you notice any change in your symptoms or overall health, consult your physician so that the condition can be managed timely.